GEOL 463.

Introductory Hydrogeology.

WVU - Fall 2020 - 3 Hours

PR: (GEOL 101 and GEOL 102) or (GEOL 110 and GEOL 111) or (GEOG 110 and GEOG 111) and (MATH 126 and MATH 128) and (CHEM 110 or
(CHEM 110A and CHEM 110B) or CHEM 111 or CHEM 115).


Basic principles of hydrogeology, emphasizing geologic occurrence of ground water, vadose (soil) water, wells, springs, ground water interaction with streams, and ground-water chemistry, pollution, and pollution restoration.  

WVU - Spring 2020 - 4 Hours 

This is a project-based class with weekly projects designed to teach how to:

  • build numerical flow models with Python or Excel from scratch

  • build/run simple MODFLOW models with a text editor

  • generate, run, and analyze models with a Graphical User Interface (GUI)

  • discretize real world settings with a finite difference (gridded) model

  • choose appropriate boundary conditions

  • calibrate and validate models using real-world data

  • simulate solute transport and groundwater residence time

  • simulate density-driven flow and transport

  • build a groundwater model to explore your research questions or interests

We will use USGS MODFLOW, the international standard for simulating groundwater conditions and groundwater/surface-water interactions in industry, government, and academia. The class is groundwater-focused, but lessons are broadly applicable to other numerical modeling applications.


  • Groundwater: This course assumes you have basic knowledge of hydrology and groundwater flow – you should understand Darcy’s Law and how to apply it.           

  • Computers and Math: I will assume familiarity with Excel and/or some mild programming experience and a willingness to learn.


GEOL 351.


WVU - Fall 2020 - 3 Hours

Prerequisites - Geology 351 is offered only to geology majors as an alternative to Math 156 and does not fulfill an elective requirement for the minor. Geol 351 builds on your prior experience with algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and computing skills. Geology 351, for the most part, employs math skills you already have and introduces new concepts that will be helpful in future geology classes, as well as calculus or other math classes.


Geology 351 covers a review of math basics,  dimensional analysis, instruction use of spreadsheets to develop problem solving, construction of mathematical budgets, data manipulation, and plotting skills -- all of which are useful in other upper division geology classes.

West Virginia University

Dept. of Geology and Geography

© 2020 Chris Russoniello

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